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Sunday, May 10, 2020 | History

6 edition of Optimality theory found in the catalog.

Optimality theory

constraint interaction in generative grammar

by Prince, Alan.

  • 221 Want to read
  • 0 Currently reading

Published by Blackwell Pub. in Malden, MA .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Optimality theory (Linguistics),
  • Constraints (Linguistics),
  • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Phonology.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references (p. [266]-280) and indexes.

    StatementAlan Prince, Paul Smolensky.
    ContributionsSmolensky, Paul, 1955-
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsP158.42 .P75 2004
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxi, 289 p. :
    Number of Pages289
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL3288557M
    ISBN 101405119322, 1405119330
    LC Control Number2004000723

    Optimality theory confronts these issues directly, designing its basic architecture to deal with them. The basic formal element of the theory is the constraint. Given the architecture of generative phonology, which distinguishes between underlying lexical forms and File Size: KB. This book describes Optimality Theory from the top down, explaining and exploring the central premises of OT and the results of their praxis. Examples are drawn from phonology, morphology, and syntax, but the emphasis throughout is on the theory rather than the examples, on understanding what is special about OT and on equipping readers to apply it, extend it, and Cited by:

    This book is the final version of the widely-circulated Technical Report that introduces a conception of grammar in which well-formedness is defined as optimality with respect to a ranked set of universal constraints. Final version of the widely circulated Technical Report that was the seminal work in Optimality Theory, never before available in book format. Serves as an . 1. Introduction. Optimality Theory (OT) is a linguistic model originally proposed by the linguists Alan Prince and Paul Smolensky in OT has been expanded by John J. McCarthy and Alan Prince, beginning in Although much of the interest in OT has been associated with its use in phonology (the area to which OT was first applied), the theory is also applicable to other .

    "This is a very important book. Optimality Theory has transformed the field of linguistics more than almost any other development of the past half-century, and Prince and Smolensky started it all."John J. McCarthy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst "OT does not need to permanently influence linguistic theory: it has already done : Alan Prince, Paul Smolensky. Optimality theory has revolutionized phonological theory, and its insights are now being applied to other central aspects of language. This book presents the results of .


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Optimality theory by Prince, Alan. Download PDF EPUB FB2

The publication year of this book is and the theory is still going through the evolutional process. Despite the evolution, this book still serves any newcomer of phonology. For a more easier introduction, I recommend Optimality Theory: An Overview (Explaining Linguistics, 1).Reviews: The publication year of this book is and the theory is still going through the evolutional process.

Despite the evolution, this book still serves any newcomer of phonology. For a more easier introduction, I recommend Optimality Theory: An Overview (Explaining Linguistics, 1)/5(14). “This is a very important book. Optimality Theory has transformed the field of linguistics more than almost any other development of the past half-century, and Prince and Smolensky started it all.”John J.

McCarthy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst "OT does not need to permanently influence linguistic theory: it has already done so.

What about Optimality Theory. Q: Your book is focused on old-fashioned rewrite rules. It espouses a serialist view of morphology that is rejected by most current phonologists. The prevailing nonsequential approach to phonology, the Optimality Theory, OT, is based not on rewrite rules but on constraints.

As the theory of representations in syntax has ramified, the theory of operations has dwindled in content, even to triviality and, for some, nonexistence. The parallel development in phonology and. This is an introduction to Optimality Theory, whose central idea is that surface forms of language reflect resolutions of conflicts between competing constraints.

A surface form is 'optimal' if it incurs the least serious violations of a set of constraints, taking into account their hierarchical ranking. Languages differ in the ranking of constraints; and any violations must be minimal.

The. This volume provides the first general introduction to optimality theory -- arguably the d linguistic theory of the s. The book leads the reader to an understanding of optimality theory via the exploration and resolution of specific problems in phonology, morphology, and syntax, but presumes virtually no background knowledge in linguistics.

Final version of the widely circulated Technical Report that was the seminal work in Optimality Theory, never before available in book format. This book is the final version of the widely-circulated Technical Report that introduces a conception of grammar in which well-formedness is defined as optimality with respect to a ranked set /5(6).

This volume provides the first general introduction to optimality theory -- arguably the linguistic theory of the s. The book leads the reader to an understanding of optimality theory via the exploration and resolution of specific problems in phonology, morphology, and syntax, but presumes virtually no background knowledge in linguistics/5(7).

Optimality Theory in Phonology: A Reader is a collection of readings on this important new theory by leading figures in the field, including a lengthy excerpt from Prince and Smolensky’s never-before-published Optimality Theory: Constraint Interaction in Generative Grammar.

Compiles the most important readings about Optimality Theory in phonology from some of the. Optimality Theory was introduced in the s by linguists Alan Prince and Paul Smolensky (Optimality Theory: Constraint Interaction in Generative Grammar, /).Though originally developed from generative phonology, the principles of Optimality Theory have also been applied in studies of syntax, morphology, pragmatics, language change, and other : Richard Nordquist.

Indeed, there are several classes of designs for which all the traditional optimality-criteria agree, according to the theory of "universal optimality" of Kiefer. The experience of practitioners like Cornell and the "universal optimality" theory of Kiefer suggest that robustness with respect to changes in the optimality-criterion is much greater than is robustness with respect to changes.

This book presents an introduction to Optimality Theory, a grammatical framework of recent origin (Prince and SmolenskyMcCarthy and Prince a, b). the central idea of Optimality Theory (OT) is that surface forms of language reflect resolutions of conflicts between competing demands or constraints.

a surface form is 'optimal' in the sense that it incurs the least serious. Doing Optimality Theory brings together examples and practical, detailed advice for undergraduates and graduate students working in linguistics. Given that the basic premises of Optimality Theory are markedly different from other linguistic theories, this book presents the analytic techniques and new ways of thinking and theorizing that are.

This is an introduction to Optimality Theory, whose central idea is that surface forms of language reflect resolutions of conflicts between competing constraints.

A surface form is 'optimal' if it incurs the least serious violations of a set of constraints, taking into account their hierarchical ranking. Languages differ in the ranking of constraints; and any violations must be minimal.5/5(2). Book January Chapter 5 gives an overview of the OT (Optimality Theory), and an OT account of the tonal phenomenon including tonal alteration in Bodo.

[Show full abstract. Doing Optimality Theory is an ideal guide through the intricacies of linguistic analysis and research for an audience of both advanced undergraduate and graduate students, and, by example, will lead the way to future developments in the field.

Table of Contents: 1. An Introduction to Optimality Theory; 2. How to Construct an Analysis; 3. Optimality models assess this balance in living things, and optimal foraging theory applies it directly to food acquisition.

Living things must strike a. Optimality Theory and Syntax: Parallels with Phonology: David Pesetsky (Massachusetts Institute of Technology). Editorial Reviews "This book does offer a well-rounded entry point into the theory for anyone with some basic training in linguistics, including researchers who wish to take a crash course in the theory."Price: $ This chapter presents an overview of Optimality Theory (OT) as applied to phonology.

OT is a theory of constraint interaction in grammar, which aims to solve a couple of problems that have confronted generative phonological theory since its earliest days.

The first problem is conspiracies: in some languages, there is a constraint that seems to be satisfied in a variety of Cited by: 1. This is an introduction to Optimality Theory, whose central idea is that surface forms of language reflect resolutions of conflicts between competing constraints.

The book does not limit its empirical scope to phonological phenomena, but also contains chapters on the learnability of OT grammars; Price: $Optimality Theory in Phonology: A Reader is a collection of readings on this important new theory by leading figures in the field, starting with a lengthy excerpt from the original source, Prince and Smolensky’s never-before-published report Optimality Theory: Constraint Interaction in Generative Grammar.

The 33 selections cover a broad range of topics in phonology and .The central idea of Optimality Theory is that surface forms of language reflect resolutions of conflicts between competing constraints. For linguists with a basic knowledge of derivational Generative Phonology, the book includes exercises.